Identification of raw medicinal materials of Hibis

2022-07-22
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Some introduction of Hibiscus leaves, hibiscus deciduous shrub, 3-4m high. Branchlets densely covered with yellow stellate villi. Leaves alternate; The petiole is 5-25mm long

some introduction of Hibiscus leaves, hibiscus deciduous shrub, 3-4m high. Branchlets densely covered with yellow stellate villi. Leaves alternate; Petiole 5-25mm long, stellate pilose; Stipules linear, about 6mm long, sparsely pilose; The leaves are rhombic to triangular ovate, 3-10cm long and 2-4cm wide, with different depths of 3-lobed or undivided, blunt apex, cuneate base, irregular teeth missing at the edge, and slightly hairy or nearly hairless along the leaf veins below. The flowers are solitary between the axils of branches and leaves, and the pedicel is 4-14mm long and covered with star shaped short villi; Bracteoles 6-8, linear, 6-15mm long, 1-2mm wide, densely stellate sparse tomentose; Calyx bell shaped, 14-20mm long, densely covered with stellate short villi, lobes 5, triangular; The flower is bell shaped, light purple, 5-6cm in diameter, and the petals are obovate, 3.5-4.5cm long, sparsely ciliated and stellate villous outside; Stamen column is about 3cm long; Style branches glabrous. Capsule ovoid, about 12mm in diameter, densely covered with yellow stellate villi. Seeds reniform, yellow villous on the back. The flowering period is from July to October

identification of raw medicinal materials

identification of characters: the leaves are mostly wrinkled, the complete leaves are rhombic oval, 3-6cm long and 2-4cm wide, often with 3-lobes of different depths, the base is wedge-shaped, both sides of the leaves are sparsely covered with stellate hairs, the petiole is 5-25mm long, and the stipules are strip-shaped. Crispy, slightly smelly and light in taste

bitter in nature and taste; Han

① essence of pinhui: " It is mild and non-toxic& quot;

② summary of materia medica: " Bitter, cold& quot;

function indications

heat clearing and detoxification. Red and white dysentery; Intestinal wind; Carbuncle and sore poison

① essence of pinhui: " Main intestinal wind, hot thirst after diarrhea& quot;

② summary of materia medica: " It can eliminate all kinds of heat. Slippery can lead to stagnation, be good at curing red and white dysentery, dry and astringent, fall to be solved but puzzled, pound juice and raw Baijiu to drink warm& quot;

usage and dosage

1 Oral administration: decoct soup, 1 ~ 2 liang fresh. External use: tamping

2. Oral administration: fried soup, 3-9g, fresh product 30-60g. External use: apply appropriately

prescription selection

treatment of boil and furuncle: fresh leaves of Hibiscus, mashed with salt and applied to the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)

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